26 June 2024

Promising Cybersecurity Job Markets of 2024

As we move further into the digital age, cybersecurity has become a critical concern for organizations across the globe. The increasing prevalence of cyber threats has driven a surge in demand for skilled cybersecurity professionals. In 2024, several key areas within the cybersecurity field are expected to experience significant growth. This blog post explores these promising job markets, the demand drivers, key roles, and the essential skills and certifications required.

1. Cloud Security

Demand Drivers: The rapid adoption of cloud services by businesses of all sizes has created an urgent need for securing cloud environments. As more organizations migrate their data and applications to the cloud, the complexity and scale of cloud security challenges have grown. Ensuring the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of data in cloud platforms like AWS, Azure, and Google Cloud is paramount. Additionally, cloud service providers are constantly updating their offerings, requiring continuous learning and adaptation from security professionals.

Key roles:

  • Cloud Security Engineer: Focuses on designing and implementing security measures for cloud infrastructure. They work closely with development teams to integrate security protocols from the ground up and ensure compliance with industry standards. Cloud Security Engineers also perform regular security audits and vulnerability assessments to maintain a robust security posture.
  • Cloud Security Architect: Develops comprehensive cloud security strategies and frameworks. They evaluate business requirements and translate them into security controls and policies. Cloud Security Architects also play a pivotal role in selecting and configuring cloud security tools to protect data and applications effectively.
  • Cloud Security Analyst: Monitors and analyzes cloud environments for potential security threats. They use advanced tools and techniques to detect anomalies and respond to incidents swiftly. Cloud Security Analysts also generate detailed reports to help organizations understand their cloud security status and take necessary actions.

Skills and Certifications: Proficiency in cloud platforms, understanding of cloud security models, and skills in encryption and key management are essential. Certifications such as Certified Cloud Security Professional (CCSP) and AWS Certified Security – Specialty are highly valued.

2. Incident Response and Threat Hunting

Demand Drivers: With the increasing frequency and sophistication of cyber attacks, organizations require specialized professionals to detect, analyze, and respond to threats swiftly. Incident response teams are crucial for minimizing damage during cyber incidents, while threat hunters proactively search for vulnerabilities and threats within systems. The rise of ransomware and advanced persistent threats (APTs) has further intensified the need for these roles.

Key roles:

  • Incident Responder: Manages and mitigates cyber incidents to minimize impact. They coordinate with various teams to isolate affected systems, eradicate threats, and recover compromised data. Incident Responders also document incidents thoroughly to aid in post-incident analysis and future prevention efforts.
  • Threat Hunter: Identifies and investigates potential threats before they can cause harm. They use advanced analytical techniques and threat intelligence to uncover hidden threats within networks. Threat Hunters also develop and implement strategies to enhance the organization’s ability to detect and respond to emerging threats.
  • SOC Analyst: Operates within a Security Operations Center to monitor and respond to security alerts. They analyze logs, network traffic, and other data sources to identify suspicious activities. SOC Analysts also work on tuning security tools and creating rules to improve detection capabilities.

Skills and Certifications: Analytical skills, knowledge of malware analysis, and experience with security information and event management (SIEM) tools are vital. Relevant certifications include Certified Incident Handler (GCIH) and Certified Threat Intelligence Analyst (CTIA).

3. Identity and Access Management (IAM)

Demand Drivers: Securing access to sensitive information and systems is critical as businesses adopt remote work models and digital transformation initiatives. IAM ensures that only authorized users have access to the necessary resources, reducing the risk of unauthorized access and data breaches. The rise of zero trust security models has also increased the focus on IAM solutions.

Key roles:

  • IAM Analyst: Manages user identities and access privileges. They handle user provisioning, de-provisioning, and access reviews to maintain appropriate access levels. IAM Analysts also monitor and respond to access-related incidents and anomalies to ensure compliance with security policies.
  • IAM Engineer: Develops and implements IAM solutions. They configure and maintain IAM systems, integrate them with existing infrastructure, and automate identity management processes. IAM Engineers also collaborate with other IT teams to ensure seamless and secure access across the organization.
  • IAM Architect: Designs comprehensive IAM frameworks for organizations. They create strategies that align with business goals and security requirements, focusing on scalability and user experience. IAM Architects also stay updated on industry trends and technologies to continuously improve IAM practices.

Skills and Certifications: Skills in user provisioning, single sign-on (SSO), and multi-factor authentication (MFA) are crucial. Certifications such as Certified Identity and Access Manager (CIAM) and Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP) with a focus on IAM are beneficial.

4. Application Security

Demand Drivers: As software applications become more integral to business operations, securing these applications against vulnerabilities is essential. Application security focuses on integrating security measures throughout the software development lifecycle to prevent breaches and protect sensitive data. The rise of agile and DevOps methodologies has highlighted the importance of incorporating security into the development process.

Key roles:

  • Application Security Engineer: Ensures security is embedded in the development process. They conduct code reviews, perform security testing, and provide guidance to developers on secure coding practices. Application Security Engineers also develop and maintain security tools and frameworks to automate security checks.
  • DevSecOps Engineer: Integrates security practices into DevOps processes. They work to embed security controls in the CI/CD pipeline, ensuring that security checks are automated and consistent. DevSecOps Engineers also collaborate with development and operations teams to foster a culture of security awareness and responsibility.
  • Security Code Reviewer: Examines code for security vulnerabilities. They identify potential security flaws and suggest remediation steps to developers. Security Code Reviewers also stay updated on the latest security threats and best practices to provide relevant and timely advice.

Skills and Certifications: Knowledge of secure coding practices, experience with application security testing tools, and familiarity with DevSecOps principles are important. Certifications like Certified Application Security Engineer (CASE) and Offensive Security Certified Professional (OSCP) are valuable.

5. Governance, Risk, and Compliance (GRC)

Demand Drivers: Organizations must navigate an increasing number of regulations and standards to protect sensitive information and avoid legal penalties. GRC professionals help ensure compliance with laws such as GDPR, HIPAA, and CCPA, and develop strategies to manage risks effectively. The growing emphasis on data privacy and corporate accountability has made GRC a crucial area of focus.

Key roles:

  • GRC Analyst: Assesses and mitigates risks while ensuring compliance. They conduct risk assessments, perform audits, and implement policies to address identified risks. GRC Analysts also provide training and awareness programs to educate employees on compliance requirements and risk management practices.
  • GRC Manager: Oversees the organization’s GRC programs and policies. They develop and implement comprehensive GRC strategies, ensuring that all aspects of governance, risk, and compliance are integrated and aligned with business objectives. GRC Managers also liaise with regulatory bodies and external auditors to demonstrate compliance.
  • Compliance Officer: Ensures adherence to regulatory requirements. They monitor changes in laws and regulations, update policies and procedures accordingly, and conduct regular compliance audits. Compliance Officers also handle incident investigations and reporting to regulatory authorities as needed.

Skills and Certifications: Understanding of regulatory frameworks, risk management strategies, and policy development is crucial. Certifications like Certified in Risk and Information Systems Control (CRISC) and Certified Information Security Manager (CISM) are highly regarded.

6. Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning

Demand Drivers: Leveraging AI and ML for advanced threat detection and automating security tasks is becoming increasingly important. These technologies can analyze vast amounts of data to identify patterns and predict potential threats, enhancing the efficiency and effectiveness of cybersecurity measures. AI and ML also play a crucial role in reducing false positives and improving incident response times.

Key roles:

  • AI Security Specialist: Develops and implements AI-based security solutions. They design algorithms to detect anomalies, enhance threat intelligence, and automate repetitive security tasks. AI Security Specialists also evaluate and integrate AI tools into existing security infrastructure.
  • ML Security Engineer: Applies machine learning techniques to improve security measures. They develop models to predict and identify security threats, continuously refining them based on feedback and new data. ML Security Engineers also collaborate with data scientists and security teams to deploy these models effectively.
  • Data Scientist specializing in Cybersecurity: Analyzes security data using advanced statistical and machine learning methods. They uncover insights from large datasets, identifying trends and patterns that can inform security strategies. Data Scientists also develop and test hypotheses to improve security measures and predict potential threats.

Skills and Certifications: Proficiency in AI/ML algorithms, data analysis, and programming languages such as Python are essential. Relevant certifications include Certified Artificial Intelligence Practitioner (CAIP) and courses in ML for cybersecurity.

7. Zero Trust Architecture

Demand Drivers: The shift towards zero trust models to enhance security by verifying every access request is gaining traction. Zero trust architecture ensures that no user or system is trusted by default, reducing the risk of internal and external threats. The increasing adoption of remote work and cloud services has further emphasized the need for zero trust security models.

Key roles:

  • Zero Trust Architect: Designs and implements zero trust frameworks. They create strategies to ensure that all access requests are thoroughly verified, regardless of the origin. Zero Trust Architects also evaluate and select technologies that support zero trust principles and integrate them into the organization’s IT environment.
  • Zero Trust Engineer: Develops and maintains zero trust security solutions. They configure and manage technologies that enforce zero trust principles, such as micro-segmentation and multi-factor authentication. Zero Trust Engineers also monitor and analyze network traffic to ensure compliance with zero trust policies.
  • Network Security Engineer: Ensures network infrastructure aligns with zero trust principles. They design and implement network segmentation, access controls, and encryption methods to protect data. Network Security Engineers also conduct regular security assessments to identify and mitigate potential vulnerabilities.

Skills and Certifications: Knowledge of zero trust principles, network security, and identity management are key. Certifications like Certified Zero Trust Security Expert (CZSE) and CISSP with a focus on network security are beneficial.

8. Operational Technology (OT) Security

Demand Drivers: Protecting critical infrastructure and industrial control systems (ICS) from cyber attacks is vital for sectors such as energy, manufacturing, and transportation. OT security focuses on securing the hardware and software that control physical operations. The increasing connectivity of OT systems to IT networks has also heightened the need for robust OT security measures.

Key roles:

  • OT Security Specialist: Develops security measures for OT environments. They assess the security of control systems, identify vulnerabilities, and implement protective measures. OT Security Specialists also collaborate with engineering teams to ensure security is integrated into the design and operation of OT systems.
  • ICS Security Analyst: Monitors and protects industrial control systems. They analyze network traffic, logs, and other data sources to detect anomalies and potential threats. ICS Security Analysts also respond to security incidents, coordinating with other teams to mitigate risks and restore normal operations.
  • OT Security Engineer: Implements and maintains OT security solutions. They configure security tools, manage access controls, and ensure the integrity and availability of control systems. OT Security Engineers also conduct regular security assessments and penetration tests to identify and address vulnerabilities.

Skills and Certifications: Understanding of industrial control systems, experience with OT security tools, and knowledge of regulatory standards are important. Certifications like Global Industrial Cyber Security Professional (GICSP) and Certified SCADA Security Architect (CSSA) are valuable.

9. Blockchain and Cryptocurrency Security

Demand Drivers: Securing blockchain networks and cryptocurrency transactions against fraud and hacks is crucial as these technologies become more mainstream. Blockchain security focuses on ensuring the integrity and security of distributed ledger systems. The increasing use of cryptocurrencies in various industries has also highlighted the need for robust security measures to protect digital assets.

Key roles:

  • Blockchain Security Engineer: Develops security measures for blockchain systems. They design and implement protocols to protect against attacks, such as double-spending and 51% attacks. Blockchain Security Engineers also conduct security audits and develop tools to enhance the security of blockchain networks.
  • Cryptocurrency Security Analyst: Monitors and secures cryptocurrency transactions. They analyze transaction patterns to detect and prevent fraud, working closely with exchanges and wallet providers. Cryptocurrency Security Analysts also stay updated on the latest threats and vulnerabilities affecting digital currencies.
  • Blockchain Forensics Expert: Investigates and mitigates blockchain-related security incidents. They trace the movement of digital assets to uncover fraudulent activities and recover stolen funds. Blockchain Forensics Experts also collaborate with law enforcement agencies and provide expert testimony in legal proceedings.

Skills and Certifications: Knowledge of blockchain technology, cryptographic principles, and experience with blockchain security tools are essential. Certifications such as Certified Blockchain Security Professional (CBSP) and courses in cryptocurrency security are beneficial.

10. Consulting

Demand Drivers: Companies seeking expert advice on building and improving their cybersecurity posture are driving demand for consulting and advisory services. These professionals provide strategic guidance and practical solutions to enhance security measures. The increasing complexity of cyber threats and regulatory requirements has made cybersecurity consulting a critical service for many organizations.

Key roles:

  • Cybersecurity Consultant: Provides expert advice on cybersecurity strategies and solutions. They assess the security posture of organizations, identify vulnerabilities, and recommend improvements. Cybersecurity Consultants also help implement security frameworks and conduct training sessions to raise awareness among employees.
  • Security Advisor: Offers strategic guidance to improve an organization’s security posture. They work with senior management to develop long-term security strategies and ensure alignment with business goals. Security Advisors also stay updated on industry trends and emerging threats to provide relevant and timely advice.
  • Virtual Chief Information Security Officer (vCISO): Acts as a part-time CISO for organizations that need executive-level security leadership. They develop and oversee the implementation of comprehensive security programs, conduct risk assessments, and ensure compliance with regulations. vCISOs also provide strategic direction and help organizations respond to security incidents.

Skills and Certifications: Strong analytical and communication skills, broad knowledge of cybersecurity domains, and experience with various industries are crucial. Relevant certifications include Certified Information Systems Security Professional (CISSP) and Certified Information Security Manager (CISM).


As cyber threats continue to evolve, the demand for skilled professionals in areas such as cloud security, incident response, IAM, and application security is expected to grow. By developing the necessary skills and obtaining relevant certifications, aspiring cybersecurity professionals can position themselves for success in these dynamic and critical fields. Whether you are just starting your career or looking to specialize further, the future of cybersecurity holds promising and rewarding prospects.


Cyber Security Salary Guide 2024

Whether you’re considering a job change or seeking a promotion, our guide helps you understand what you should be earning and plan your career effectively.
Accurate Salary Insights: Helping you negotiate fair compensation
Labour Market Trends: Helping you understand the emerging roles in cybersecurity
Salary Conditions Data: Helping you understand which roles offer the best benefits
Hiring Manager Demands: Helping you stay relevant which changing hiring demands

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